The Importance of Job Safety Analysis
Workers in construction and heavy industry projects are always at risk of injury. With the use of standard procedures and good work practices, risk can be reduced and controlled but not completely eliminated. Jobs involving great risks are already taken as something normal on the job. You then ask yourselves how much risk you are willing to take.
There is no daily task without risks involved. It is determined by how often we are exposed to it. It is the probability of something bad happening and the severity of the outcome. There are daily risks to every decision we make. One important question we need to ask is if we understand the risk and are we willing to accept it.
Controlling risk is a function of management. Management can use helpful tools to understand risk and control it. The tool used for this purpose is the job safety analysis tool.
Risk has to be controlled by the people doing the work and their immediate supervisors. It is important to make sure that all who need to be involved are given an opportunity to be involved and are kept informed of developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them, in both the planning and execution of a task.
Sometimes the problem is with workers who don’t report that hazards that they discover. When incidents are investigated, it was found that the workers knew that the hazards exist. Workers kept quiet about it thinking that hazard was normal and risk was acceptable. So how do managers get employees help reduce risk?
Risk communication in a construction site is complicated because each one perceives risk in a different way and there are different levels of risk tolerance. Job safety analysis is a tool that can improve and document the communication process so that there will be mutual understanding of risks by all involved.
Job safety analysis is an important part of the risk management process in heavy industry. Job safety analysis can be used to help reduce the risk level to a very low acceptable one and the way to do it is by allowing all members of the team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures, and hazards associated with completing the task.
The quality of information on the document and the level of input by workers involved is affected by the kind of perception of the job safety analysis as a planning tool by the person completing it.
If you want employees to be willing to communicate and control risks, the you should give them trust and have good internal power relations. Communication can be influenced by other personal factors including personal experience, risk assessment, and individual perception of a particular risk with respect to other people on the team or in the area. Ultimately, the goal is to finish the project on time and under budget with nobody getting hurt.